Normal Blood Sugar Levels in Children
In the healthcare setting or in a hospital or community center, children are adorable and yet delicate human beings. Even getting normal blood sugar levels in children can be a quite a challenge.
Measurement of normal blood sugar levels in children should be done before meals because children tend to have a faster metabolism. Blood sugar levels after a meal will deviate against the results. Types of meal consumed also affect the levels of blood glucose to normal ranges.
Normal Blood Sugar Level Ranges in Children
What is a normal blood sugar level in children? Every parent should know the answer.Normal blood sugar levels in children divide into preschoolers and adolescents. School age children have the range from 70 to 100 gram per deciliter while adolescents bear the range from 70 to 120 gram per deciliter.
There are conditions wherein a child demonstrates high blood glucose levels. This condition, hyperglycemia, may seem to happen due to a high caloric meal consumption. To confirm a positive test result as hyperglycemic, blood test are withdrawn to obtain lab results. There are several causes for hyperglycemia in children that include high calorie food intake and poor lifestyle. However, there are definite conditions wherein lifestyle itself may not be a factor for high blood sugar levels.
Diabetes in Kids
Since type 2 diabetes affect more adults, type 1, commonly known as Juvenile diabetes, starts off in children. Disorder of juvenile diabetes posts a greater risk than type 2. Unlike type 2 diabetes where the production of insulin functions less than expected, juvenile type does not produce any sufficient insulin enough to break down glucose molecule. Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent because their maintenance throughout life depends on insulin.
Juvenile diabetes involves the immunity of children. The immune system attacks and destroys the cells that are responsible for insulin production. Medically, we coined this term as autoimmune where the body fights normal cells. Thus, the pancreas no longer secretes insulin to break down glucose. The normal blood sugar levels in children will decrease exponentially if daily insulin shots are not maintained.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include weight loss, frequent urination, thirst and hunger. Fatigue may exhibit signs. However, if measures are not carried out to maintain normal blood sugar levels in children, they may lapse into a complication called Diabetic ketoacidosis.
Juvenile diabetes can only be diagnosed by a doctor or an endocrinologist. If concerns are raised, especially if the family has history of diabetes and overweight, seek medical advice immediately. Diagnostic tests for this disease involve extracting blood from the child.
Treatment strategy depends on severity of the disease, lifestyle and age. Since insulin must be taken to utilize blood glucose, daily doses are measured. Oral insulin is not advisable as it rapidly breaks down in the presence of gastric acids. Thus, injecting it in subcutaneous fat regions is more effective.
Diet is indeed an important facet in lifestyle changes. It only means eating the right essential nutrients. Planning a weekly schedule on what diet to follow preserves healthy life. Eating at regular intervals every day is another step away from diabetes.