Normal Blood Sugar Level - Ranges, Testing, Ages, Children and Adults

This question about the normal blood sugar levels is particularly a concern for people who have blood sugar problems or have been diagnosed with, or are currently afflicted with Pre-diabetes or Type 2 diabetes. However, even if you do have your blood sugar levels under control, it is still just as important to learn a few things about normal blood sugar levels and hopefully prevent blood sugar conditions from affecting your health.

René Quinton

To know what is a normal blood sugar level, it is good to understand the factors that are involved in blood sugar issues. Glucose is a type of sugar traveling through the body’s blood stream, usually entering the body through carbohydrates-rich foods. These glucose levels are regulated by the body using up insulin and glucagon, hormones coming from the pancreas. In order to convert the blood sugar circulating in your blood stream in the energy you body cells need insulin. If the pancreas is unable to produce sufficient amounts of insulin to keep the body healthy, problems with blood glucose levels start to emerge. The normal levels of blood glucose must register anywhere in between 70 and 130 mg/dl, at different times of the day. A normal blood sugar level is not a constant. Sugar levels in a person’s body change throughout the day depending on several factors, such as the time of day, the type of recent meals consumed and the energy consumption, which depends on daily activities. If a person has not eaten for a long period, this can affect sugar levels as well. Sugar levels that fall above or below this range are considered dangerous. Different blood sugar levels are considered normal for adults or children, women or men, pregnant women, those who have diabetes and those who don’t, those involved in physical or other activities requiring much energy and those who are not. This means that not just any reading between 70 and 130 is good. As a fasting reading, 75 is very good. However, having this reading after having a meal is a sign of hyperglycemia. And vice versa, 110 2 hours after having a meal is great, but as a fasting reading is a sign of the approaching pre-diabetes condition. To learn about normal blood sugar levels for different ages and genders, please read corresponding section of our website.

To give a brief and generalized answer to the question on what is a normal blood sugar level, these are the essential factors to remember. If the blood level falls below 70 mg, the condition is called hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. Symptoms to watch out for are a significant lack of energy, difficulty in focusing, and irritability. Blood sugar levels over 150 mg signify the condition called hyperglycemia or high blood sugar levels. Consistently having high blood sugar levels can lead to diabetes, which leads to serious complications such as damage to the eyes, the kidney, and other vital organs of the body. It is vital to take the necessary steps in maintaining normal blood sugar levels to avoid dangerous medical conditions, which can prove fatal if not addressed immediately.