Normal Blood Sugar Levels For Diabetes
Ideally, normal blood sugar levels for diabetes should be the same as for non diabetics. Although is individuals with diabetes blood sugar levels are frequently elevated as compared with what is normal, any person needs to maintain normal blood sugar levels for healthy living. The difference is that people with diabetes, both type 1 and 2, have to maintain healthy blood glucose levels artificially, by controlling their diet or injecting insulin. However, in may cases, doctors have to face the real facts and set individual, realistic optimal blood sugar targets for patients, which are higher than recommended normal blood sugar ranges for diabetics. Exceeding these individual ranges may be very dangerous.
There are 2 major time periods when blood sugar tests are taken. The target normal blood sugar levels for people with type 2 diabetes (most common type of diabetes) provided below are recommended by American Diabetes Association in 2007:
- Fasting levels: 70-130 mg/dL (70-100 are a normal readings for people without diabetes)
- 2 hours after meals: 180 or less (100-140 are normal readings for people without diabetes)
Needless to say, the healthiest targets are the normal levels for healthy people. In fact, many people with diabetes successfully manage this condition and keep within these ranges by customizing their diet and including physical exercises in their daily life.
Normal Blood Sugar Levels For Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy as a result of changes in bodily functions and hormone levels and frequently goes away after childbirth when your body starts to function in the regular way. However, this condition puts you baby’s health at risk, so if you have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes you have to control your blood sugar levels to prevent harm to the baby and make delivery go easily and without complications. Maintaining normal blood glucose levels during pregnancy is vitally important. Doctors recommend the following target levels:
- Fasting levels: less than 105 mg/dL (plasma) or less than 95 mg/dL (whole blood)
- 2 hours after meals: less than 130mg/dL (plasma) or less than 120 md/dL(whole blood)
Normal Blood Sugar Levels For Juvenile Diabetes and Type 1 Diabetes
Juvenile diabetes is commonly known as type 1 diabetes because it is most frequently diagnosed in young children. Unlike type 2, type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease which is believed to be triggered either by genetic or environmental factors rather than unhealthy lifestyle and poor diet. In people with type 1 diabetes the immune system attacks and destroys pancreas cells that produce insulin (beta cells), a hormone you body needs to absorb sugar from the blood. For younger children, recommended ideal rangers are a bit higher than for adults and children’s blood sugar levels are normally higher. For example, the highest acceptable range for children under 6 with diabetes may be 180 mg/dL, while children aged 13-19 it lowers to 130 mg/dL.
- Under 5: between 100 and 200 mg/dL, as at this age children grow and develop rapidly
- 5 to 11 begins to narrow: 70 and 180 mg/dL before meals, 120 mg/dL before bedtime. A
- After 12: 70 to 150 mg/dL before meals, 100 mg/dL before bedtime.