Healthy Blood Sugar Levels
To start with, the phrase healthy blood sugar levels is used as a synonym to normal blood sugar levels, which are practically the same for men, women (also during pregnancy), older children (age 13-19), as well as for persons with diabetes and non-diabetics.
- 2 Recommended fasting levels: 70-100 mg/dL
- 2 hours after meals: 100-140 mg/dL
Individual target levels may be higher than the generally accepted healthy ranges are assigned by the doctors individually based on your current blood sugar picture and health state.
For little children, healthy blood sugar levels are higher than for adults because children grow and develop, and are very active, which requires a lot of energy. Low blood sugar may cause development issues and make a child slack and apathetic. 100-200 is a healthy range for children under 5. As a child grows, healthy blood glucose targets become closer to those of adults.
However, there is a lot of controversy concerning what are healthy blood sugar levels. You have already read a lot about normal blood sugar levels recommended by ADA, which, however, may differ from the targets recommended by individuals by doctors or other organizations, such as American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE). AACE recommends that healthy blood sugar level should not be higher than 140 mg/dl. The same target was adopted by The International Diabetes Federation in 2007.
Many doctors insist that the upper ranges of 100 for fasting tests and 140 for 2 hours after meals are too high and point to the slow but persistent dangerous metamorphoses that occur in your body as time goes by, finally leaving you face to face with diabetes type 2 and other health issues.
A healthy body is able to produce enough insulin and properly unitize it to convert the glucose that gets into your bloodstream into energy. Whenever tests show an elevated level of glucose in your blood it may be a sign of an evolving autoimmune disease when your own immune system attacks beta cells of your pancreas - the cells that produce insulin (results in type 1 diabetes), or a developing insulin resistance (results in type 2 diabetes).
As a result, you either don’t have sufficient insulin to convert blood sugar to the energy for your cells or your pancreas produces enough insulin, but your body uses it inadequately. In both cases, your blood sugar levels may become dangerously high. Chronic high blood sugar levels cause damage to vital organs, eyes, result in amputations, coma and eventual death.
Many doctors agree that healthy blood sugar ranges to aim at are lower than generally accepted targets, where fasting (preprandial) levels of 100 and postprandial of 140 are acceptable. In healthy people, fasting blood glucose levels are mid and high 70 mg/dl (3.9 mmol/L) range, post-meal (2 hours after meal) are 120 mg/dl (6.6 mmol/L). You can target at higher ranges (it’s easier and requires less efforts) as some doctors will find it acceptable but remember just one thing: doctors or health organization can afford to have low expectations for you. You cannot because it’s your eyes that may get blind, your kidneys that fails and your limbs that get amputated. Keep your blood sugar within healthy ranges!
Is Low Blood Sugar Level Healthy?
Some people mistakenly believe that very low blood sugar levels are healthy. While 70 is the accepted bottom boundary of a healthy range, going below that reading may be dangerous for your life, that condition is called hypoglycemia.
And, finally, the health of our blood is not just about blood sugar but also about its mineral composition. Have you ever heard that seawater can be a safe blood plasma substitute?. Visit the blood plasma and seawater page for a brief insight into this.