Normal Blood Sugar Levels During Pregnancy
Normal blood sugar levels during pregnancy for a woman are about the same as normal glucose ranges for women in a regular state. However, keeping your blood glucose within healthy ranges is more important for it’s not just yours but your baby’s health depending on that.
Normal blood sugar levels for pregnant women are: 70 to 95 milligrams per deciliter for fasting readings, and not exceeding 110 ml/dl 1 hour after meal or taking sugar solution. It is also important not to let your blood sugar drop low as your baby needs glucose for proper development. If you experience any symptoms of low blood sugar levels, take carbohydrate containing drink of food as soon as possible.
Risks of Nigh Blood Sugar During Pregnancy and Gestational Diabetes
Pregnancy is a relatively short timespan which frequently alters a woman’s diet preferences and increases craving for sweets and refined foods high is carbohydrates. In addition, the function of insulin receptors may be affected by hormone changes, specifically, human placental lactagen. As a result, blood sugar levels in pregnant women may get above what is recommended as normal healthy blood sugar levels. A pregnant woman who has consistently high blood sugar level during pregnancy runs the risk of developing gestational diabetes - a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy in women who didn’t previously have diabetes bemuse insulin receptors do not function properly, although some doctors consider it one of the varieties of norm. Gestational diabetes rates are growing at frightening rates in the USA currently affecting up to 9% of all pregnancies. Although gestational diabetes usually goes away as your hormone levels get back to normal after birth, your should be as cautions as possible about your blood sugar to prevent damage to the fetus.
A woman having elevated blood sugar for around 9 months and then getting her blood glucose back down most likely won’t get serious health troubles because diabetes type 2 takes decades to develop and switching to healthy diet will correct the problem. Unfortunately, not for the baby who’s totally dependant on the mother’s body state while staying in the womb. High glucose, especially the first 10 weeks of pregnancy, significantly increases the risk of birth defects in babies.
- Excessive fetus growth. The baby becomes too big, which makes the labor more difficult and increases the need for the mother to have a caesarian section.
- Seizures or still birth
- Birth complications, like nerve injuries, infant fractures or respiratory distress
- Low blood calcium or glucose levels and jaundice in the baby
- Increased risk of developing diabetes after birth, especially if you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
Checking Normal Blood Sugar Levels During Pregnancy
Blood sugar levels during pregnant are assessed by the means of glucose tolerance test. Usually, the fist test is done at between the 24th and 28th week. You will have to take sugar solution and have your blood glucose test an hour later. A reading exceeding 130-140 is a warning sign so your will most likely have to take additional checks, like your fasting blood glucose levels and than 1,2 and 3 hours after taking sugar. Fasting blood glucose should not exceed 95, and after taking sugar - correspondingly, 180, 155 and 140. Exceeding these figures may be pointing to gestational diabetes.
Today, a small percent of newborn babies are 100% healthy, due to a number of factors - unhealthy diet or low food quality, poor ecology, smoking or alcohol, stress, genetic mutations. As as mother-to-be, you have to eliminate as many of these harmful factors as possible. High blood sugar is one of the risks to be taken care of. If you have already been diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes you should be particularly cautious during pregnancy because this condition aggravates diabetes, so having normal blood sugar level during pregnancy is vital for the baby.